Home > Published Issues > 2023 > Volume 14, No. 1, 2023 >
JAIT 2023 Vol.14(1): 122-129
doi: 10.12720/jait.14.1.122-129

Identification of Leaf Disease Using Machine Learning Algorithm for Improving the Agricultural System

Keerthi Kethineni 1,2 and G. Pradeepini 3,*
1. Department of CSE, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, India
2. Department of CSE, V. R. Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, India
3. Dept. of CSE, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, India
*Correspondence: Pradeepini_cse@kluniversity.in

Manuscript received July 11, 2022; revised August 21, 2022; accepted September 20, 2022; published February 22, 2023.

Abstract—Diagnosing plant disease is the foundation for effective and accurate plant disease prevention in a complicated environment. Smart farming is one of the fast-growing processes in the agricultural system, with the identification of disease in plants being a major one to help farmers. The processed data is saved in a database and used in making decisions in advance support, analysis of plants, and helps in crop planning. Plants are one of the essential resources for avoiding global warming. However, diseases such as blast, canker, black spot, brown spot, and bacterial leaf damage the plants. In this paper, image processing integration is developed to identify the type of disease and help automatically inspect all the leaf batches by storing the processed data. In some places, farmers are unaware of the experts and do not have proper facilities. In such conditions, one technique can be beneficial in keeping track and monitoring more crops. This technique makes it much easier and cheaper to detect disease. Machine learning can provide a method and algorithm to detect the disease. There should be training in images of all types of leaves, including healthy and disease leaf images. Five-stage detection processes are done in this paper. The stages are preprocessing, segmentation using k-Mean, feature extraction, features optimization using Firefly optimization Algorithm (FA), and classification using Support Vector Machine (SVM). The accuracy rate achieved using the proposed technique, i.e., GA-SVM is 91.3%, sensitivity is 90.72%, specificity 91.88, and precision is 92%. The results are evaluated using the matlab software tool.
Keywords—leaf diseases, k-mean, firefly optimization algorithm, support vector machine

Cite: Keerthi Kethineni and G. Pradeepini, "Identification of Leaf Disease Using Machine Learning Algorithm for Improving the Agricultural System," Journal of Advances in Information Technology, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 122-129, February 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.