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Robust Blind Medical Image Watermarking Using Quantization and SIFT with Enhanced Security

Tuan Nguyen-Thanh and Thuong Le-Tien
Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Abstract—The paper proposes an efficient blind robust watermarking solution for medical images based on a combination of the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and even-odd quantization. Unlike most existing methods using SIFT with original image, our proposed algorithm can extract the embedded information without original image by selecting only non-overlapping features in embedding process and exploiting the correlation among all detecting regions. As a result, both detection and extraction of embedded information can be obtained with our method. Moreover, it can be expanded to multi-bit watermarking with two suggestions of fan-shaped and half-ring-shaped regions. The experimental results are implemented with various medical images and evaluated about the quality, the reliability and the robustness against common medical image processing attacks including filtering, compression, rotation, scaling and cropping. Furthermore, the security in embedding and extracting information is also enhanced in our solution.
Index Terms—SIFT, quantization-based watermarking, blind medical image watermarking

Cite: Tuan Nguyen-Thanh and Thuong Le-Tien, "Robust Blind Medical Image Watermarking Using Quantization and SIFT with Enhanced Security," Journal of Advances in Information Technology, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 45-52, February 2022. doi: 10.12720/jait.13.1.45-52

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.