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Deep Learning for Uplink Spectral Efficiency in Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems

Le Ty Khanh 1,2, Viet Quoc Pham 1,2, Ha Hoang Kha 1,2, and Nguyen Minh Hoang 3
1. Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), Vietnam
2. Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
3. Saigon Institute of ICT (SaigonICT), Vietnam

Abstract—In this paper, we introduce a Deep Neural Network (DNN) to maximize the Proportional Fairness (PF) of the Spectral Efficiency (SE) of uplinks in Cell-Free (CF) massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems. The problem of maximizing the PF of the SE is a non-convex optimization problem in the design variables. We will develop a DNN which takes pilot sequences and large-scale fading coefficients of the users as inputs and produces the outputs of optimal transmit powers. By consisting of densely residual connections between layers, the proposed DNN can efficiently exploit the hierarchical features of the input and motivates the feed-forward nature of DNN architecture. Experimental results showed that, compared to the conventional iterative optimization algorithm, the proposed DNN has excessively lower computational complexity with the trade-off approximately only 1% loss in the sum-rate and the fairness performance. This demonstrated that our proposed DNN is reasonably suitable for real-time signal processing in CF massive MIMO systems.
Index Terms—deep neural networks, proportional fairness, spectral efficiency, cell-free massive MIMO

Cite: Le Ty Khanh, Viet Quoc Pham, Ha Hoang Kha, and Nguyen Minh Hoang, "Deep Learning for Uplink Spectral Efficiency in Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems," Journal of Advances in Information Technology, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 119-127, May 2021. doi: 10.12720/jait.12.2.119-127

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