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Low-Altitude Platform to Enhance Communications Reliability in Disaster Environments

Sateaa H. Alnajjar1, Fareq Malek2, Mohd S. Razalli2, and Mohd S. Ahmad2
1. Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)/ School of Computer and Communication Engineering
2. Universiti Malaysia Perlis /School of Electrical System Engineering and School of Computer and Communication Engineering, Malaysia
Abstract— Natural disasters can cause a massive damage of  life and property. Mobile communications technologies can  be used to reduce the effect of disaster in isolated areas. The  approach which has been adopted throughout this study by  utilizes a Low-altitude Platform system (L-APs) as a  technique to enhance the performance of communications  network. However, the proposed approach was  accompanied by some challenges, i.e. Instability of  communication systems Inside-platform; and the needed to  improve the quality of service (QoS). These challenges  hinder network node for deployment. The situation led to  creation a smart communication platform system (SCPS)  base station. This system has characterized by the ability to  adjustment with external factors that prevent stabilization.  Moreover, SCPS has provisioned QoS via hybrid Free-  Space Optics/radio Frequency (FSO/RF) networks as a  technique to improve data propagation to the “last mile." A  new method is used to connect several aerial platforms that  are helpful in increasing the range of the network  deployment. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to  examine the performance of these platforms in various  weather environments. 

Index Terms—— low-altitude platform system, free space  optic, mobile platforms, communication Network, and  disaster area. 

Cite: Sateaa H. Alnajjar, Fareq Malek, Mohd S. Razalli, and Mohd S. Ahmad, "Low-Altitude Platform to Enhance Communications Reliability in Disaster Environments," Journal of Advances in Information Technology, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 21-30, February, 2014.doi:10.4304/jait.5.1.21-30
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